Friday, 22 February 2019

Obesity: Causes, prevention and cure

Obesity is a medical condition or a disorder involving excess body fat that may have a negative effect on health. A person who has a high Body Mass Index (BMI) is said to be obese. The BMI is a key index relating body weight to height and obesity occurs when a person’s BMI is 25 or greater. Worldwide, obesity has tripled since 1975 and this kills more people than under weight. Over weight and obesity are the fifth leading risks for global deaths.

Image Courtesy : Pexels
Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities. Much of the surplus energy will be stored as fat in the body. An increased intake of foods that are high in fatand sugars and an increase in physical inactivity due to sedentary nature of work are also some of the significant causes.

What can obesity lead to?

Obesity can lead to other illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, coronary vascular disease, heart attack,stroke and even cancer!

Can obesity be cured?

There are many weight loss strategies available but some are ineffective and short term for those who are morbidly obese! Usually non surgical programs to lose weight under the guidance of certified health care professionals include a combination of dieting, behavior modifications, medications and exercise.

A health care professional customizes your dietary needs by restricting your calorie intake, but maintains your nutrition levels.

The objective of a behavior modification therapy is to change your eating and exercise habits, to promote weight loss by setting realistic goals, recording daily diet and exercise patterns, identifying high risk situations and developing a support group for you to focus on your goal.

A variety of over the counter and prescription weight loss drugs are available. A certified health care professional can prescribe appropriate medications considering your condition. 

Exercise greatly improves your chance of   weight loss, especially for a long term weight management program, say a weight loss surgery.

What qualifies you for a weight loss surgery?

To be eligible for a bariatric surgery one must be between 16 to 70 years of age and weighing atleast 100 pounds over one’s ideal body weight and having a BMI of 40. You must have a serious weight related health problem such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or sleep apnea. When considering surgery for weight loss, one has to understand that success in maintaining weight loss depends on the commitment to be made regarding major dietary and life style changes for their remainder of their lives.

Types of weight loss surgery:

1.Roux- en –Y gastric bypass surgery: This is a procedure where a pouch is created out of a small portion of the stomach and directly attached to the small intestine, bypassing a large part of the stomach and duodenum. Now the stomach pouch is too small to hold large amounts of food and fat absorption is also considerably reduced.

2. Laparoscopic gastric banding: The surgeon places an adjustable laparoscopic silicone band around the upper part of the stomach to squeeze it so that the stomach is now a pouch to hold only an ounce of food. This is the least invasive weight loss surgery and the safest. Gastric bands are removable and can be reversed if it causes serious problems.

3. Sleeve gastrectomy: This is a surgery in which the stomach is permanently reduced to 15 -25% of its original size leaving a banana shaped portion that has both restrictive and low absorptive qualities to effect weight loss.

4. Biliopancreatic diversion: This is similar to the gastric bypass except the stomach pouch is connected further along the small intestine. This is less commonly used because of its side effects.

One usually loses more weight after a gastric bypass or a sleeve gastrectomy, but the risk of serious surgery complications is generally higher for these.

Foods to be avoided to manage obesity:

Limit the intake of sugar sweetened beverages, fruit juices, refined grains, sweets, potatoes, red meat and processed meats.

What to eat, to cope with obesity?

Choose minimally processed whole foods such as whole grains, colorful variety of vegetables, whole fruits, nuts, seeds, beans and other healthy sources of proteins such as fish and poultry, and plant oils (olive and other vegetable oils).

How to prevent obesity?

Improving your eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity. Exercise moderately for at least 30 minutes a day.Check your weight regularly. Drink water rather than sweetened beverages when thirsty and weigh and measure food to understand portion sizes. Remember to eat only when hungry!

If you are considering weight loss surgery, discuss with a surgeon about different techniques to decide the best one suitable for you. An assessment involving tests on your physical and mental health, diet and eating patterns is conducted to check if the chosen surgery type would be suitable for you. Consult your surgeon now!

Wednesday, 23 January 2019

All About Juvederm Dermal Fillers

With age our skin becomes more vulnerable to wrinkles and sagging. Exposure to sun over a period of time and years of muscle movement such as chewing, smiling and constant use of the eyes take a toll on the skin and adds on to tissue break down.Soft tissue fillers are increasingly used for aesthetic purposes torevitalize the face and selected areas of the body.

Image Courtesy : Pixabay
What are facial fillers?

These are either collagen, hyaluronic acid (HA) or calcium hydroxyl apatite based products that invigorate facial skin by reducing or eliminating wrinkles, lifting up scar depressions, augmenting lips and reinstating soft tissue volume loss through facial injections.Juvederm is one such versatile fillerwhich minimizes signs of aging.

What is Juvederm?

Itis a HA-based injectable filler to restore facial contours and treats a number of aging and aesthetic concerns in a single formulation. HA is a natural sugar found in the body.As it is a moisture holding compound, itkeeps the skin supple and hydrated. However HA gets depleted as one enters the mature adult years and this,results inwrinkles and loss of facial volume. Juvederm helps boost the skin surface thus adding temporary volume to the cheeks, lips and around the mouth. It corrects moderate to severe facial wrinkles, in addition to a smoother skin surface.

What are the different types of Juvederm fillers available?
  • Juvederm Voluma XC: You need not put up with flattened cheeks anymore!  Voluma is administered deep into the cheek area and adds volume beneath the skin’s surface thus giving the cheeks a lifted and youthful look.Voluma has clinically been proven to last upto 2 years!
  • Juvederm Ultra XC:A loss in lip volume gives an aged look which Ultra XC keeps at bay, by adding plumpness to thinning lips. It reduces vertical lip lines and helps improve the lip boundary, thus restoring an appealing pout.
  • Juvederm Volbella is FDA approved and designed particularly for the lips and surrounding areas. It fills in lip lines, thus providing a less painful and comfortable treatment. Results may last upto 12 months!
  • Juvederm Vollure XC plumps the skin and rectifies moderate to severe facial wrinkles and folds.
  • Juvederm Ultra Plus XC: This is a more denser form of the injection used, depending on the location and severity of wrinkles, for achieving that remarkable look.
How long do Juvederm fillers last?

Fillers are an effective way to reverse aging but their effectsmay wear off with time as they are naturally degraded by the body.Generally speaking they last from anything between 6 to 18 months. Injections to the lips wear out a little faster than those to the nasolabial folds.

How safe is it?

Juvederm is considered to be safe as it is a smooth gel and prevents unwanted bumping or rippling. The risks are very few though injury to blood vessels, tissue death and granulomas cannot be ruled out in rare cases. This requires no allergy testing as the HA it contains is naturally present in human beingsand is safe excepting for patients who have enlarged scars and women who are pregnant or lactating.

What are the side effects?

Some common side effects at the injected site include redness, swelling, itching, lumps and discoloration. These are mild in nature and short lived, say less than a week. As Juvederm is injected directly into the skin, there may be some discomfort or pain which can be lessened with a local anesthetic prior to the treatment.It is always safe to get the procedure done by a licensed and well trained medical professional.

How expensive is it?

This is relatively less expensive when compared to facial plastic surgery procedures, such as face lift, brow lift or eyelid surgery.

Tips to make your Juvederm filler last longer:

Avoiding over exposure to sun’s UV rays, using a broad spectrum sun screen lotion and  proper skin care by moisturizing and hydrating the skin by drinking plenty of water, keeps the treated area plump and wrinkle free.The food you eat directly affects your appearance and health. Stay away from processed and packaged foods and limit sugar content in your diet.Keep less on stress as high stress releases more of cortisol hormone which accelerates aging process.

It is true that dermal fillers knock off years from a person’s face and reverse the age clock, but one must understand that correction with these fillers is notonly temporary and may require repeated sittings over time, but also may not be pocket friendly too! At the end, who would say no to an option of sporting a younger look? Consult an aesthetic specialist now!

Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Skin Tightening – A Solution for Aged Skin:

Youthful skin is different from aged skin. Skin in the age frame of 30s and more, often has fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots that makes one look older and dull faced. If you are conscious of these lines and wrinkles, you must be aware that they are just an effect of age. Your skin might be aging too, and the puffiness and the patchiness is just an outcome of the same. If you are uneasy with sagging skin and wrinkles, laser tightening may be one of the options for you. This will give you a tighter skin, will remove your fine lines and reverse your aging timeline by at least a few years, making your skin look youthful again.

What causes the skin to loosen up?

The skin is directly under the impact of several conditions and environmental effects. Be it harsh weather, sun, rain, or bad habits, our skin suffers first. The factors responsible for this maybe lifestyle, genetics, diet, smoking and drinking etc.  A lot of free radicals are generated with each harmful process, causing the formation of fine lines on the skin, and often leading to sagging and loose skin. Exposure to sun leads to pigmentation, spotting, loss of subcutaneous support and other phenomena. As one grows older, the skin has a tendency to develop benign tumors. It tends to become rougher, loses elastin and collagen and becomes more loose and transparent. There are chances that the skin also gets easily bruised.  The sun is the greatest culprit when it comes to aged skin.

Connective tissue weakening:

The collagen content of the skin comes down with time and weakens your skin. This tissue supports your bones and cartilages, and when this gets depleted the entire skin naturally loses its support system.

Uneven fat distribution:

There is a huge repository of fat below your skin, and this starts forming clumps making the skin look weak and lumpy. The skin begins to sag due to gravity, making you look older.

Weight loss and pregnancy:

This is one other reason why the skin looks dull and unattractive. Rapid weight gain happens when one is pregnant or becomes fat. When one starts losing weight quickly, this results in a lot of loose skin that seems to stick out.

The areas of damage:

It might be surprising for you to know that your sleep pattern affects the lines on your face. Horizontal lines appear on the forehead, vertical ones on skin above the nose, curved lines on the temples, and small curved ones on the upper cheeks, below the eyes, and around the mouth. Smokers tend to have a greater number of wrinkles around their eyes and mouth.  In general skin becomes dull and dry as one ages.

Treatment options:

There might be more than one treatment that can help your skin regain its vitality and get back its original vigor. But for the same, one needs to regularly follow a routine set of treatments, be it natural, laser based, chemical or home based. There are quite a few homemade remedies that one might resort to.

Treating your skin may range from an option of increasing collagen growth, healing the present wrinkles that have already developed on your skin, preventing new wrinkles from appearing, plumping up the skin to make it look healthier and  healing the hydrolipidic layer of your skin.

Homemade remedies:

One could take up organic ways to set the problem right if they are too apprehensive about the permanent measures. An egg white and honey mask  is a protein and vitamin treatment, to rejuvenate the lost elastin proteins. 2 spoons of honey and an egg white applied on the face, and washed off with lukewarm water after 15 minutes will help redefine your skin.

The coffee scrubs:

Coffee is a very good ingredient to moisturize your skin. Use coffee, cinnamon and olive oil mixture to massage your facial tissues and see visible results within a month. A very good cleanser and moisturizer together make your skin feel baby soft.

Aloe Vera mask:

This protects your skin from sagging and can be used from a very young age as a preventive measure. This helps to revive firmness of the skin and is a great anti-ageing agent.

Yoghurt and fuller earth:

These products that are readily available at home have multiple benefits, and a face pack made from these two along with rose water can completely help to  rejuvenate your skin. Remember that consistency is the key when you are using these face packs, and only regularity can help you get the best results.

Coconut oil:

Coconut oil is an amazing substance that releases antioxidants and helps to tighten loose skin. One can even use olive oil for the same benefits.

Epsom salt mix:

This salt pushes out extra water from your skin, leaving the skin tight and glowing , and using it for a period of 15 – 20 minutes gives the best results.

Laser tightening:

Laser tightening is probably the best solution for those who want to get flawless skin permanently. One could use this non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure to achieve the best results. The infrared rays tighten up the saggy skin, leaving it youthful and flawless. The fine lines and wrinkles disappear quickly and this method is extremely popular with a lot of people who are looking for permanent solutions. Broad band light is used to efficiently heat up the collagen of the skin, causing the skin to tighten up. This process aids in skin healing and restores the initial skin tone that you had earlier! 

Wednesday, 9 January 2019

All about pigmentation: Nature, causes, and cure

The beauty conscious people out there! Are you disillusioned after noticing uneven complexion, irregular patches and dark spots on your skin? Feeling less confident, depressed and anxious due to these sudden lesions? These are signs of pigmentation, caused due to factors like over exposure to the sun and hormonal imbalance, and is found more amongst Indian women as compared to men. Pigmentation is not painful but is a matter of extreme concern as it affects your main interface of communication. People may get attracted to you because of your looks and vice versa.

Types of pigmentation

Superficial pigmentation: Pigmentation that is caused due to prolonged exposure to the sun, is generally found on the dermis or uppermost layer of the skin and is called superficial pigmentation. It manifests as dark sports, patchy skin and irregular complexion. It is not too deep and thus requires superficial modes of treatments like masks and peels.

Deep pigmentation: This is generally caused by hormonal imbalance and is also termed as Melasma. This affects the deep layers of the skin and thus requires high-end treatments like intense peel and laser etc. to alleviate the manifestations. The results of deep pigmentation are dark spots, uneven skin tones and stark patchy skin.

Results of pigmentation


Freckles are caused by sun and are predominant when the weather is sunny and diminish during the 
less hotter months.

Solar lentigines

These are dark edged brown/black patches which are caused by UV radiations. These need to be checked regularly by medical practitioners for caution against  cancer.


This is hormone triggered pigmentation and is common among women. This appears as brown patches with indistinct edges.

Post Inflammatory patches:

Such patches are brown and sharp and are basically caused by superficial skin conditions like acne, burns, bruises etc.

Treatment and cure for pigmentation

Pigmentation reduction peels:

There are quite a few useful products used for pigmentation reduction.  Vita peels are used for pigmentation caused by UV Exposure. There are similar ones like Insta Clarity peels infused with botanical actives. These abate excess melanin production, reduce intensity of pigmentation and lighten the skin with minimal downtime. Peels are superficial ways of treating the dermis and generate positive results like making you look fairer and beautiful. These are non-invasive and safe. Combining the best products with best service experts, peels give you a spotless and gorgeous look. 

Intense Laser Treatments:

Laser treatments like Insta Clarity laser, Diolite laser, and PicoWay get rid of your dark spots, patchy skin and uneven complexion instantly by acting intensely on the innermost and deepest layers of the skin. These are treatments basically for deep pigmentation conditions and melanin affected pigmentation. Acting on your face and visible areas of your skin, these are considered the best and give immediate results. It must be mentioned here that the patients must go for this after proper medical consultation. During the treatment, patients might feel a stinging or pinching sensation which is usually associated with the process.

De tan facials:

Another effective on the surface treatment for superficial pigmentation are lightening and de-tanning facials. These diminish the intensity of the sun spots and protect your skin from the harmful effects of sun exposure. This process undertakes a superior exfoliation action with Micro Derma Abrasion. Once the radicals are free from the skin, they are shed off through a thorough de-tanning process. The skin is eventually soothed with aloe vera gel. This takes care of the restoration and revitalization of the skin. At the other end of the process, Vitamin-C enriched Antox Vit-C serum is applied, followed by BioWhite facial mask. The end result is a blemish free and glowing skin.


In conclusion, whatever be the reasons that cause pigmentation, this condition should be dealt with appropriately, as the daily lives and confidence of many, are affected by it. 90 percent of Indian women and 10 percent of Indian men happen to experience pigmentation in their life time. 75 percent of the women testify the cause as Melasma and post pregnancy.  It is now a social need to look attractive and charming in order to have a lot of friends and acquaintances around. Pigmentation can also lead to confidence issues and loneliness. Putting in technology and expertise to best use, there are many ways to cure pigmentation.  Demarcated treatments are available for superficial and deep pigmentation. Get detailed information and visit a dermatologist now, if you have pigmentation issues!

Wednesday, 2 January 2019

About Melasma

Melasma is a common skin-coloring disorder among women resulting in discolored patches on the face, especially the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, above the upper lip and chin. It can also be seen clearly on other parts of the body that are prone to excessive sun exposure such as the forearms and neck.

It is also called chloasma or the “mask of pregnancy” as women are more likely to suffer from it when compared to men. According to a study, a majority of the people who develop melasma are women.

The condition normally emerges in women belonging to the age group of 20-50 years. Even though it is not injurious to health, it can leave a person in embarrassment and distress.
Reasons behind it

Frequent sun exposure and hormonal events such as pregnancy and hormone treatments are the first-line factors which cause melasma. It is a kind of uncontrolled pigmentation that induces your body to replete the pigment. It is usually triggered during the summer months. Other reasons include:
  • Oral contraceptives.
  • Hormone replacement therapy.
  • Certain skin care products which prove unfavorable to a person's skin.


Treatment should not be considered first hand for melasma. If it is caused by the hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills, it will disappear after delivery or once a person ceases taking the pills.

Unfortunately for others, melasma can continue for years or even for the rest of their lives. If it does not vanish over time, a person can consult a doctorfor further medication.
Sadly, not all treatments prove to be effective for everyone and melasma may return even after successful treatments.
Melasma can be doctored by various effective methods.

  • Wearing sunscreen every day and reapplying it every 2 hours.
  • Certain bleaching creams can be purchased with a doctor’s prescription.
  • Hydroquinone: It is sometimes associated with other chemicals (collectively called “triple cream”) to  elevate the effects which may take 6-8 weeks to show visible results.
  • Microdermabrasion: A vacuum suction clinched by an erosive material gets rid of the top layer of the skin.
  • Chemical peels: A light glycolic peel containing salicylic acid can be used. Consult a dermatologist to know about the accurate strength.
  • Lasers: Not highly recommended by dermatologists. Although it may provide temporary results, it may worsen the condition.
  • Glycolic acid creams (10-20%).
  • Kojic acid: Used in concentrations between 1-2.5%, equally effective.
  • Lactic acid lotions (12%).
  • Azelaic acid (15-20%): A non-hydroquinone cream that is safe and effective against melasma. Redness, itching and a burning sensation are some of the side effects that improve after two weeks to a month of use.
  • Retinoic acid (.025-.1%)
  • Researches and analysis are being performed on the efficiency of other relevant agents like   licorice extract, resveratrol, zinc sulphate mequinol, arbutin and deoxyarbutin (extracted from berries) amidst others.

Treatments may take several months to produce an effect irrespective of the intensity. Another important thing to note is that there are two different kinds of melasma – dermal melasma and epidermal melasma. Both are treated differently. Treatment for the latter has been observed to be more successful.

Certain treatments can give rise to skin irritation. If you undergo hydroquinone treatments above 4% for a brief time, it is probable that you might develop exogenous ochronosis, a state whereby the skin blackens and becomes faded.

Monday, 24 December 2018

All You Need To Know About Lip Fillers

We are now living in an age where everyone wants to flaunt a plumper pout with glossy and fuller lips! The hottest beauty treatment right now is to add volume to the lips and fill out undesired lines. So getting a cc of dermal filler here and there is now as casual as getting one’s nails done! There is no other way to find out the pros and cons of lip fillers without some research on the topic.

Image Courtesy : Pixabay

What are lip fillers?

They are temporary soft tissue fillers which a cosmetic surgeon injects into your lips for making them look fuller and plumpand are eventually absorbed by the body.There are a number of different substances used in these injections. Most fillers are collagen or Hyaluronic acid based.

Collagen is naturally found protein in the skin and helps strengthening and plumping the skin. As we age the body produces less of it and so,a collagen filler restores elasticity and helps purely by plumping the lips.

Hyaluronic acidis a naturally occurring substance in the skin known for its stunning capacity to attract water and keeping the cells hydrated. So it not only plumps and adds volume, but also traps water within the lips for a natural look and lasts longer than collagen fillers.  This is found in most lip fillers like Juvederm, Belotero and Restylane. The thickness and consistency of these gels help in customized treatments.

How much filler does one need?

One thing to realize is that lip fillers have taken over lip augmentation and so the end result may not be the one which we may have in our mind and which may not happen overnight which means more sessions and more expensive!

Is it painful?

It depends upon the doctor’s skill. If the practitioner is good, it should not be uncomfortable, as a local anaesthetic is provided. A little swelling is very normal from 12 to 48 hours which comes down with an ice pack.

How long do fillers last?

These are quick in office treatments with temporary results. The results vary from person to person but there isan instant difference in the volume and shape of the treated area. Hyaluronic acid fillers last from about 4 to 6 months. But if your body is thinner, it will metabolise the formula faster and the injections maynot last as long.Juvederm and Restylane fillers last longer and add a youthful pillowy look!

What are the chances of lip fillers going wrong?

 Lip fillers are an aesthetic treatment. So there is always a chance that something could go wrong. The biggest risk is necrosis where the filler gets injected wrongly into the blood vessel causing tissue damage.

Can the filler be taken out if you don’t like it?

There is always the option to dissolve Hyaluronic acid based fillers with Hyaluronidase, which is an enzyme that melts and breaks down fillers safely and rapidly and allows the lips to regain natural shape quickly within 3 to 4 days.

How expensive is the treatment?

Costs vary from the expertise and qualifications of the practitioner, type of procedure used and time and effort involved.They are expensive, so start saving your pennies for these! There are many patient financing plans and be sure to ask about them, but the end result achieved will surpass the cost!

How to zero in on the right doctor for safe lip fillers?

 It is incredibly important to allow a qualified reputed professional to do it. Don’t ever think of getting it done in a beauty spa as the beautician may not be trained to do the job of a cosmetic doctor. Make sure you see the product you are injected with and know what is exactly being done.Finding out a skilled and medically qualified injector is very important and so are his qualifications and credentials. Reviews by previous patients are a great source of information.

Fillers can indeed enhance one’s beauty but in the end you are who you are and plumper lips definitely are not a permanent phenomena to describe beauty and being attractive. Lip fillers are not every one’s cup of tea as there may be a small change in appearance. One has to decide to go for it first then love it and accept it! Consult an aesthetic specialist now!

Friday, 23 November 2018

Your Ideal Diet and Skin Care This Winter

Whether you enjoy bundling up in jackets or coats, gloves and scarves or already counting days until spring, winter is here to stay for the next few months! Winter weather is no fun for the skin, and lips, noses and cheeks get chapped and crack. The cold air and the low humidity levels tend to deprive your skin of the moisture it requires. Your skin takes a further beating with indoor heat and hot showers and requires additional moisture to keep it supple and soft.

Image Courtesy:
No amount of expensive lotions or moisturizers or spa treatments may seem to help your skin retain its glow. A consistent skin care regimen is good, but the key to a flawless skin lies in what you eat!Here are a few foods which you must include in your diet to help your skin remain healthy and retain its natural moisture this winter:

1.Foods rich in essential fatty acids:

Omega-3 and Omega-6 rich fish, walnuts, flax seeds, soy products, wheat germs and whole grains are an excellent source of fatty acids which protect the skin and help retain its moisture.

2.Antioxidant rich foods:

Bright colorful fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, which are naturally occurring vitamins and minerals like vitamins A C and E. They protect the skin against free radicals that damage collagen content,and weaken flexibility of the skin. Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body and gives structure to your skin. It improves skin elasticity, brightens and reduces wrinkles.

Strawberries and blue berries:  These are rich in vitamin C and A, and also contain flavanoids like querticinand anthocyanidin, whichfight against cholesterol and age related diseases. Blueberries reduce sensitivity of the skin and strawberries promote collagen production to keep the skin smooth in texture.

Plums: These are richest in Vitamin C and prevent swelling, tissue inflammation and guard against DNA damage and cell deterioration.

Oranges: These are a rich source of vitamin C, the ultimate antioxidant for pepping up dull skin. They hydrate the skin and tighten the fine lines. They not only help in keeping the immune system intact and prevent damage to cells, but also boost collagen levels and keep the skin pliant.

Antioxidant rich vegetables:  Bell peppers, spinach,kale, broccoli and beets feed your skin the vital nutrients it needs to help it stay soft, supple and blemish free. Carrots are an excellent source of vitamin A and strengthen the skin’s outermost layer. Tomatoes are rich in vitamin C and aid in replenishing collagen contentto keep the skin taut.

3.  Nuts :

These are good to snack upon and are responsible for making your skin smooth and soft and give it a natural glow. Walnuts prevent age related wrinkles and lines from appearing. Almonds are rich in vitamin E and hydrate the skin. Cashew reduces inflammation of the skin and heals damaged acne zones. The antioxidants in pista help curb acne growth.

Winter suncare tips for the skin:
  •    Use a sunscreen lotion to limit the damage to your skin by the sun s rays.
  •    Use a SPF lotion to keep the skin moisturized throughout the day.
  •    Try to avoid being in the sun between 10AM and 3PM as the rays are strongest then.
  •    Wear a hat to protect the scalp and face from sun burns.
  •    Wash your face with tepid water and use the right cleanser.
Do it yourself facemasks:

Stop buying expensive skin care solutions; insteadhave fun in making your own facemasks with ingredients from your kitchen!They nourish your skin and keep it well hydrated. You not only cut down on the costs of spa treatments but also guard your skin against harmful chemicals! 

Apply a paste on the face with a mix of honey, avocados, yoghurt, bananas and olive oil for 15 minutes and wash off to see visible results of a glowing skin!

These foods and winter care tips will ensure that your skin retains its healthy glow all along the winter months.Welcome winter with a smile! Consult an aesthetic specialist now.