Friday, 27 September 2013

Laser Hair Removal Side Effects


Presence of excessive growth of thick dark hair, in locations on the body where hair growth is generally minimal or absent, is defined as Hirsutism. This type of body hair growth generally occurs in androgen-stimulated parts of the body such as the face, hands, chest, etc. However, it is quite difficult to judge whether a person is hirsute as there is no consistent pattern to the growth in women and it varies across ethnic groups. Depending on the region from where the individual originates Hirsutism may be considered as typical in one culture in comparison to another. For instance Mediterranean and Indian women have more facial and body hair than women from East Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Northern Europe. Hirsutism is not limited to women alone as dark haired, dark complexioned individuals of either sex are prone to be more hirsute than blond or fair skinned individuals. 

In most cases, Hirsutism occurs due to certain underlying disorders and genetic reasons. Hirsutism is only a cosmetic concern and when accompanied by masculinizing signs or symptoms in young girls / women, particularly when it arises well after puberty, it could be due to underlying disorders such as ovarian or adrenal neoplasm.

Several treatments abound such as age old remedial over the counter hair removal creams, shaving, waxing, electrolysis and lately laser hair removal treatments.

Permanent Hair Removal Treatments

Excessive facial hair in a woman can be embarrassing and hence most women seek a permanent solution to Hirsutism, especially when that facial hair is on the upper lip and chin. Now for the million dollar question as to whether there really is a permanent solution, sadly the answer to that is that there is no 100% permanent hair removal solution, as yet. Electrolysis, which is approved by the FDA is considered to be a permanent removal solution, but studies have shown that this has not given everyone the permanent results, as promised.

Alternatively, permanent hair reduction (with emphasis on reduction) machines have been approved by the FDA, which can help purge hair on the right individual for longer periods of time, after manifold sessions. Despite the several sittings, the possibility of hair growing back is there, whether at a reduced rate, a finer version or a combination of both. According to The Mayo Clinic, lasers can reduce hair counts 40% to 80%. 

Laser Hair Removal Treatment

Laser Hair Removal Treatment is a cosmetic procedure carried out by professionals trained to carry out this procedure and it is commonly done in North America. The intensely concentrated light of the laser penetrates the hair follicle; the pigment in the hair follicle absorbs the light which consequently destroys the hair.

Prior to undergoing Laser Hair Removal Treatment, the individual should restrict plucking, waxing, and electrolysis for six weeks before treatment, as these activities will remove the hair roots, which is necessary to be present for an effective laser hair removal treatment. The individual should also avoid sun exposure before and after the treatment because it makes the laser hair removal less effectual and could pave a way for complications to arise after the treatment.

Side Effects of Laser Hair Removal

The most common side effects of removal of hair by laser are:

Irritation of the Skin surface

On the surface of the skin where the treatment was provided, temporarily there could be a measure of discomfort, redness and swelling. However this will disappear after several hours.

Temporary Changes to Pigment

The possibility of the skin layer undergoing some darkening or lightening, temporarily, can occur. Lightening of the skin color can occur in those individuals with dark skin, especially if the laser beam used was set to a wrong intensity.
Blistering, crusting, scarring or other changes to the skin texture are cited to be rare.

Wednesday, 11 September 2013

How hard is it to actually remove a Tattoo?

Understanding Tattoos
Understanding the basics about a tattoo is important. Getting a tattoo on the spur of the moment or because it is attractive or because of an emotional moment, to have one may be a good reason. However, inevitably many people, as years and time pass by, regret that whimsical urge. Everybody knows that Tattoos are body artworks and it is printed on to the skin using tattoo inks. It is also widely known that though permanent tattoos imply permanency, it is not necessarily so. Even permanent tattoos can be erased over a period of time. How hard is it to actually remove a tattoo, well that depends on many factors, like the ink used, the time you have to remove a tattoo, the cost factor, the technique used, the expertise of the esthetician and so on.

Tattoo Inks

Tattoos are imprinted on to your skin using different colored inks. So, it is all in the ink and how fast the dye is. The tattoo ink basically has two components – pigment bases and carriers. Pigment bases comprise heavy metals that give you the color component like mercury (red), lead (yellow, green, white), cadmium (red, orange, yellow), nickel (black), zinc (yellow, white), chromium (green), cobalt (blue), aluminum (green, violet), titanium (white), copper (blue, green), iron (brown, red, black), and barium (white).

Carriers act as solvents for the pigments, to carry the ink from the point of the needle on to your skin surface and helps the chemicals to permeate into your blood stream. A typical carrier used is ethyl alcohol or water.

Options available to Remove Tattoos

Laser Therapy

This technique uses pulses of light at a very high concentration to remove the tattoo. The degree of pain is equivalent to a rubber band being snapped against your skin.

Intense Pulse Light Therapy

In this procedure light is sent through a prism that is placed upon the skin; the light penetrates the skin and this effect causes the removal of the ink and thereby the tattoo vanishes. It is an efficient and less painful method but very expensive, in comparison to the Laser Therapy


Involves a surgical, invasive procedure which requires a local anesthesia. This procedure could involve the removing of the top to the deeper layers of the epidermis and could possibly extend into the reticular dermis as well, depending on the depth to which the tattoo ink has sunk. Minor skin bleeding can occur and this procedure does carry the risk of scarring, skin discoloration, infections and cold sores. Depending on the level of skin removal with Dermabrasion, it takes an average of 7–30 days for the skin to fully heal.

Other Medical Methods

Another medical method used only in extreme cases where laser surgery is not effective, is excision, where the tattoo is cut away and the skin sewn back together. This method has been known to cause much damage to the skin and results in severe scarring.

Do-It-Yourself Creams

According to research, both TatBGone and Tattoo-OFF have shown significant fading of the tattoos without any pain or damage to the skin, but these creams have not been known to completely remove the unwanted tattoo.

Cryosurgery and chemical peels

In Cryosurgery the tattoo is frozen and is then burnt off with liquid nitrogen. Chemical peels on the other hand are applied to the skin where the tattoo is; the peel causes the skin to blister and subsequently peels off.

Homemade Remedies such as Salt

Not a very professional way to remove your tattoo but then this is a home remedy and has proved to be known to work. This method is called Sal abrasion.