Thursday, 29 August 2013

Does Laser Tattoo Removal Hurt?

Etymology of Tattoo

Tattaow is how it was spelt back in the 18th century and it is known as tatau in Polynesian, in Tahitian as tatu and it was introduced into the English dictionary where it underwent a change to conform to English phonology as tattoo. It gained popularity through sailors who introduced tattooing to the world.

Ever since the 70's it has become fashionable to have tattoos and both sexes from all economic classes, age groups, from later teen years to middle age opt to have tattoos. Having decided to get a tattoo, you also need to know what the consequences of getting a tattoo can be.

Health Risks involved in getting a Tattoo

Before you decide to get a tattoo beware of the risks you will be undertaking:
  • FDA regulates the inks used in the tattoo but does not have any regulations with reference to the practice of tattooing.
  • When injecting a substance into the skin, in this case tattoo ink, you are risking infection; although small the risks include hepatitis, staph, or warts.
  • Other possible health risks involve unsterilized tools such as the needles or gun, and ink that have been contaminated, can lead to infection.
  • Depending on which part of your body you are being tattooed on, and since the skin is being punctured, bleeding is inevitable which could put you at a risk for blood borne diseases such as hepatitis B.
  • Tattoo ink ingredients may vary but they do contain metals like mercury and nickel. And the ink can cause inflammation and scarring.
  • Tattoos are very difficult to remove; they can be lightened, but complete removal is a challenge, and you have to accept the fact that the skin will never look the same again.

Tattoo Regrets

While in the heat of the moment one opts to get tattooed, sooner or later along comes regret and perhaps embarrassment too. A survey conducted showed that 53 percent men, 47 percent women, from people ages 16 and older (half of them were older than age 40), who had visible tattoos, regretted getting their tattoos and were thinking about having their tattoo or tattoos removed. According to Mayo Clinic (a nonprofit worldwide leader in medical care, research and education for people from all walks of life), tattoo removal can be completed either by surgery, laser surgery or dermarasion, but should never be attempted without a licensed doctor's help.

Though most tattoos are thought to be for keeps, most often it is possible to remove them, either completely or to some extent with laser treatments. Removing tattoos with an FDA approved laser is now considered the best and most competent method. The Tattoo removal laser efficiently breaks down the ink. Two wavelengths of light are generally used to break down a wide spectrum of tattoo ink. The number of sittings to remove an unwanted tattoo would depend on the size and location of the tattoo which could be anywhere from three to four treatments, spaced eight weeks apart. The cost of the complete treatment could vary from US$700 to several 1000 dollars. Laser tattoo removal uses heat to destroy the dyes used in the tattoos and therefore, in all likelihood scarring, discoloration, or even possibly an outline of the tattoo could be left behind as a residue. Is it painful to remove a tattoo? Since the skin is a protective layer and is sensitive to heat, cold, etc, the laser removal of a tattoo most definitely will be painful. The sensation is likened to a snapping of a rubber band against the skin.

Wednesday, 14 August 2013

How BOTOX for Chronic Migraines Works?

Location and Climate Effects

San Jose, a growing urbanized city is a sizeable part and parcel of the Greater San Francisco Area. It is situated inland and is surrounded by mountains on three sides. San Jose enjoys a subtropical Mediterranean climate with 300+ days of sunshine and an annual mean temperature of 60.5F.  Ideal climate, beautiful location, yet who would think a Mediterranean climate can cause headaches and chronic headaches. The rise in temperature and the dip in the barometric pressure often accompanied by thunderstorms, studies and research have found causes migraines in people sensitive to the climate changes.

Peter Goadsby, the director of the University of California, San Francisco's Headache Centre confirms that scientific studies conducted by researchers have revealed that barometric pressure change like increased temperatures can accelerates migraine headaches. The studies also showed that the risk of a severe headache rose by 7.5 per cent for every 5C rise in temperature. Any falls in barometric pressure, 48 to 72 hours before also had an effect, though comparatively mild. However humidity and air pollution had no impact.

Weather-related triggers include:
  • Bright sunlight
  • Hot or cold temperatures
  • Dry air
  • Windy or stormy weather
  • Barometric pressure changes
For some people, a weather change is perceived to cause imbalances in brain chemicals, including serotonin, which prompts a migraine. When headaches are caused by weather-related triggers, this enhances headaches precipitated by other triggers.

FDA approved Treatment for Migraines

You may have lately observed that many a TV channel is carrying advertisements relating to Botox as a relief for people suffering from chronic headaches. This is true as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) for the treatment of migraine headaches. Injecting Botox into the muscles of the forehead and neck have shown to easing the intensity of the headaches and reducing the occurrences too in adults with chronic headaches. The treatment requires that repeat injections for about every 3 months / 12 weeks will need to be taken, with maybe three such sittings.


Botox is injected into 31 sites around the head with a five to ten minute gap between each injection. This procedure has to necessarily be administrated at a doctor's office. The effectiveness of the injection surfaces a week after the injections have been administrated. Botox when administrated in small doses is not poisonous to the body.

Is Botox administrated to everybody who suffers a migraine? The answer to that is “No”. Botox injections are definitely not considered as the first option for treatment of migraines. It is only considered after all other known options have been tried and have failed to provide any relief. Most insurance companies cover Botox treatments if two types of medications had been tried and both for at least two months, without any migraine improvements. Botox injections are normally administrated to those people who have migraines lasting at least 4 hours plus and at least for as long as 15 days or more each month

Is it Safe?

When performed by an experienced doctor, it is a safe procedure, however there is a possibility that mild side effects can occur. From feedback received, about 9% of patients say that they experienced temporary neck pain and about 5% said that they had a post-procedure migraine. Other possible side effects include injections-site pain, temporary swelling, redness, upset stomach and drooping eyelids, the latter a very rare side effect. Pregnant or breast feeding women are advised not to use Botox.

Studies have also shown that the effect of botulin toxin can cause the muscles where the injection is administrated to weaken, but reports on headache by people who had injections for cosmetic reasons also said that they had reduced numbers of migraines. There is no confirmed documented information as to how Botox injections help reduce the pain but the thought process is that it reduces pain signals from various receptors to the brain. The procedure takes around 10 to 15 minutes, with the patient sitting in a chair or on the couch. Since it's no more painful than acupuncture, patients don't need anesthesia. Results have shown that those patients who have been known to suffer from chronic headaches, after undertaking the full course of the treatment had months of relief from excruciating pain.